Friday, February 10, 2012

Heated Nanotubes Kill Cancer Stem Cells

Taken From:

Heated nanotubes kill cancer stem cells

February 10, 2012
The results of their first effort involving kidney tumors was published in 2009, but now they’ve directed the science at breast cancer tumors — specifically, the tumor-initiating cancer stem cells. These stem cells are hard to kill because they don’t divide very often; and many anti-cancer strategies are directed at killing the cells that divide frequently.
The research is a result of a collaborative effort between Wake Forest School of Medicine, the Wake Forest University Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials, and Rice University. Lead investigator and professor of biochemistry Suzy V. Torti, Ph.D., of Wake Forest Baptist, said the breast cancer stem cells tend to be resistant to drugs and radiotherapy, so targeting these particular cells is of great interest in the scientific community.
They are tough. These are cells that don’t divide very often. They just sort of sit there, but when they receive some sort of trigger — and that’s not really well understood — it’s believed they can migrate to other sites and start a metastasis somewhere else,” Torti explained. “Heat-based cancer treatments represent a promising approach for the clinical management of cancers, including breast cancer.”
Non-invasively heating nanotubes
Using a mouse model, the researchers injected tumors containing breast cancer stem cells with nanotubes, which are very small tubes made of carbon, then exposed the nanotubes to laser-generated, near-infrared radiation to make them vibrate and produce heat.
This combination can produce a local region in the tumor that is very hot, she said. Using this method, the group was able to stop the growth of tumors that were largely composed of breast cancer stem cells. This suggests that nanotube-mediated thermal treatment can eliminate both the differentiated cells that constitute the bulk of the tumor and the cancer stem cells that drive tumor growth and recurrence.
To truly cure a cancer, you have to get rid of the entire tumor, including the small population of cancer stem cells that could give rise to metastasis,” Torti said. “There’s more research to be done. We’re looking at five to 10 years of more study and development. But what this study shows is that all that effort may be worth it; it gives us a direction to go for a cure.”
Ref.: Andrew R. Burke, et al., The resistance of breast cancer stem cells to conventional hyperthermia and their sensitivity to nanoparticle-mediated photothermal therapy, Biomaterials, 2012; 33 (10): 2961 [DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.12.052]
Topics: Biomed/Longevity | Biotech | Nanotech/Materials Science

Cancer busting nanotechnology. Injecting nanobots into cancer cells to kill them. The beginnings of nanotherapy to combat cancer. The technology outlined in this article could very well lead to systems that could be ran by autonomous nanobots. Nanosystems could be programed to seek out and destroy tumors in the human body. Perhaps they can be programed to seek out viruses as well and inject them with nanotubes and kill them. A very important point to make about the potential of this technology is an end to the horrible side effects of radiation therapy and chemo therapy.

From :As most people know, the goal of chemotherapy is to destroy cancer cells. Traditional chemotherapies work by killing cells that divide rapidly. As they wipe out fast-growing cancer cells, though, they can also damage fast-growing normal cells.

For example, damage to blood cells leads to side effects like anemia, fatigue, and infections. Chemotherapy can also damage the cells that line the mucous membranes found throughout the body, such as those inside the mouth, throat, and stomach. This leads to mouth sores, diarrhea, or other problems with the digestive system. And damage to cells in the hair follicles leads to hair loss.” Nano cancer therapy would eliminate most if not all of these side effects.

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